The Brazilian Patent and Trademark Office (Brazilian PTO, also known as the Instituto Nacional da Propriedade Industrial (INPI)), has made two major announcements regarding the Patent Prosecution Highway (PPH) Pilot Program in Brazil since the beginning of November.
PPH Program with the European Patent Office
On November 7, 2017, the Brazilian PTO published Rule #202/2017 implementing the PPH Pilot Program (Program) with the European Patent Office (EPO). The hope is that the implementation of the Program will result in faster examination of pending Brazilian patent applications having a counterpart allowed by the EPO.
Logistically, the Program will accept applications belonging to patent families whose earliest application has been filed in the Brazilian PTO or the EPO, or for PCT applications, where either the Brazilian PTO or EPO was used as the Receiving Office. All applications are eligible with one notable exception. Specifically, while applications in the field of chemistry or related technologies applied to medicine may be eligible for the Program, drug-related patent applications are specifically excluded. More specifically, the application must be classified under the International Patent Codes (IPC) listed in the below table to be accepted. However, applications classified under any of the group of A61K subclass, with the exception of group A61K8, are also excluded from the program. Generally, IPC group A61K relates to preparations for medical, dental, or toilet purposes. Group A61K8 relates to cosmetics or similar toilet preparations.
|TECHNICAL AREA||IPC CODE|
|Basic Chemistry||A01N, A01P, C05#, C06#, C09B, C09C, C09D, C09F, C09G, C09H, C09J, C09K, C10B, C10C, C10F, C10G, C10H, C10J, C10K, C10L, C10M, C10N, C11B, C11C, C11D, C99Z|
|Organic and fine chemistry||C07B, C07C, C07D, C07F, C07H, C07J, C40B, A61K8¹, A61Q|
|Polymeric and macromolecular chemistry||C08B, C08C, C08F, C08G, C08H, C08L|
|Medical technologies||A61B, A61C, A61D, A61F, A61G, A61H, A61J, A61L, A61M, A61N, H05G|
To be accepted in the Brazilian PPH program, an application must:
- Have a notification of filing or entry in the national phase in Brazil published by the Official Gazette of the Brazilian PTO;
- Already have been published (which can be effected by international publication (such as by a PCT application, if applicable);
- Have submitted a request for examination;
- Have all annuity fees duly paid;
- Have no pending Office Action awaiting response by the Applicant;
- Not have been accepted in any other fast-track examination program in Brazil;
- Not have been involved in a lawsuit in Brazil; and
- Not be a divisional application (except in the situation where the divisional application results from an original parent application due to a rejection due to a lack of unity of invention).
A request for participation in the Program must be made by all the Applicants in electronic form. In addition to the other documents required by Rule #202/2017, an Applicant must submit, together with the request:
- Documents proving that the application meets the requirements of the Program;
- A table providing the correspondence between the claims in the Brazilian application and the allowed claims in the European application; and
- A copy of any non-patent prior art documents.
The Brazilian PTO will evaluate applications based on the date on which the request is filed. Any applications that do not meet the requirements will receive an Office Action setting a sixty (60) day period to allow for any irregularities to be corrected or will be otherwise be denied participation in the Program. Any application denied participation will be examined according to the normal procedures of the Brazilian PTO. An applicant denied participation in the Program has an opportunity to appeal such a decision within 60 days of receipt of notification of denial.
The Brazilian-EPO PPH Pilot Program will begin on December 1, 2017 and will receive applications for a period of two (2) years. A maximum of 300 applications will be accepted each year during the two (2) year period (for a total of 600 applications).
Brazil and the Chinese Patent Office
On November 13, 2017, the Brazilian PTO and the Chinese Patent Office (SIPO, also known as the State Intellectual Property Office of the People’s Republic of China) signed a memorandum of understanding establishing a future PPH Pilot Program (Program) between the two offices. Much like the Program described above in connection with the EPO, Applicants will be able to request faster examination for a Brazilian patent application whose Chinese counterpart has already been approved.
A rule setting for the requirements for eligibility for the Program is expected to be published in February.
Please continue to watch the BRIC Wall Blog for further updates on the PPH Pilot Program in Brazil.
This post was written by Lisa Mueller and Roberto Rodrigues Pinho (https://www.linkedin.com/in/roberto-rodrigues-pinho/)